Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)


12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2021
Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]  
ASC 820-10, Fair Value Measurement, defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and addresses required disclosures about fair value measurements. This standard establishes a three-level hierarchy for fair value measurements based upon the significant inputs used to determine fair value. Observable inputs are those which are obtained from market participants external to the Company while unobservable inputs are generally developed internally, utilizing management’s estimates, assumptions and specific knowledge of the assets/liabilities and related markets. The three levels are defined as follows:
Level 1 — Valuation is based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.
Level 2 —Valuation is determined from quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active, or by model-based techniques in which all significant inputs are observable in the market.
Level 3 — Valuation is derived from model-based techniques in which at least one significant input is unobservable and based on the Company’s own estimates about the assumptions that market participants would use to value the asset or liability.
If the only observable inputs are from inactive markets or for transactions which the Company evaluates as “distressed”, the use of Level 1 inputs should be modified by the Company to properly address these factors, or the reliance of such inputs may be limited, with a greater weight attributed to Level 3 inputs.
Financial Instruments: The fair value of our fixed-rate debt is derived from quoted market prices by independent dealers (Level 2 inputs as per the discussion above) and is as follows (in thousands):    
At December 31,
  2021 2020
Estimated  Fair
Estimated  Fair
7.00% senior notes
$ —  $ —  $ 300,000  $ 319,758 
6.00% senior notes
$ 400,000  $ 446,520  $ 400,000  $ 451,913 
5.125% senior notes
$ 300,000  $ 329,640  $ 300,000  $ 333,328 
3.875% senior notes
$ 450,000  $ 472,500  $ —  $ — 

Due to the short-term nature of other financial assets and liabilities including our Loans payable and other borrowings, we consider the carrying amounts of our other short-term financial instruments to approximate fair value.
Non-Financial Instruments: Our Real estate assets are Level 3 instruments that are required to be recorded at fair value on non-recurring basis when events and circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. Refer to Notes 1 and 2 for information regarding the valuation of these assets. Our Real estate assets measured at fair value are as follows (in thousands):
Year Ended December 31,
  2021 2020
Initial basis of long-lived real estate assets $ 7,369  $ 71,769 
Impairments $ 2,115  $ 24,852 
Adjusted basis of long-lived real estate assets $ 5,254  $ 46,917 

At December 31, 2021 and 2020, we remeasured these assets at fair value because of a decision to sell certain assets that are no longer aligned with our strategy to focus on first-time and first move-up homebuyers. The non-recurring fair values included in the table above represent only those assets whose carrying values were adjusted to fair value as of the respective balance sheet dates.